Crisis Prevention and Recovery

  • Bhutan is prone to natural hazards due to its fragile geological conditions, steep terrain, vulnerable ecosystem, great elevation differences, variable climatic conditions and active tectonic processes taking place in the Himalayas.

  • The most significant climate change impact in Bhutan is the formation of supra-glacial lakes due to the accelerated retreat of glaciers with increasing temperatures.

  • Bhutan’s urbanization rate is one of the highest in the world (7% during 2003-2005). According to the Population and Housing Census in 2005, 31% of country’s population was living in urban areas.

  • The context of recent geophysical and hydro-meteorological disasters underscore the importance of regulatory measures such as safe building practices, urban planning, building codes and by-laws as well as need for greater awareness and technical knowhow with regard to building construction and conservation of cultural monuments.

  • This project will expand the scope beyond GLOFs to include floods due to intense rainfall, water management, and enhancement of capacity to deal with climate risks. The project is currently under design and will be completed in mid-2013.

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