National Human Settlements Policy

About the project

 Bhutan's growing cities © UNDP Bhutan

Bhutan’s urbanization rate is one of the highest in the world (7% during 2003-2005). According to the Population and Housing Census in 2005, 31% of country’s population was living in urban areas.

The Gross National Happiness Commission’s vision document estimated that by 2020, 50% of the country’s population would be living in urban areas while a research document from the Ministry of Works and Human Settlement in 2005 found that by 2020, 73% of the entire population would move to urban areas.

The increasing urbanization rates exert tremendous pressure on existing infrastructure and services, housing and limited land resource, agriculture land and forests. This will also further affect Bhutan's vulnerability to natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, forest fires and climate change calamities.

Project outline

With rapid urbanization leading to loss of prime agriculture land and forest clearing due to urban expansion and development has led to increased risk of natural disasters like landslides and environmental degradation.

In order to reduce the risks related to natural disasters, climate change and environmental sustainability, UNDP is supporting the Ministry of Works and Human Settlement with the preparation of the National Human Settlement Policy (NHSP).

The main objective of the project is to ensure the integration of environment, disaster risk reduction and climate change concerns into mainstream human settlement planning and policy formulation through a consultative process engaging all the stakeholders.


Donors Amount
UNDP $ 62, 000

UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Bhutan 
Go to UNDP Global