The broad objective of the LEDS for human settlements (HS) is to provide an
overarching framework for low emission development in the human settlement
sector. In this respect, the 2017 LEDS has now been updated to be more holistic
and comprehensive and by considering recent developments.
GHG emissions from the agriculture and livestock sector have historically been a
significant contributor to Bhutan’s total national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The GHG inventory of the Third National Communication (TNC) of Bhutan to the
UNFCCC indicates that in 2015 the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use
(AFOLU) sector accounted for 57.2% (2,183.25 ktCO2e) of the national emissions.
Recognizing the need to enhance food production while considering Bhutan´s
commitment to remain carbon neutral ‘for all times’, the LEDS for Food Security
is a key strategic long-term planning document.
This LEDS identifies relevant mitigation measures with estimated marginal abatement
costs and recommends the establishment of a revolving fund mechanism to provide
favourable financial packages to stimulate investment in cleaner technologies as well
as establishing a Cleaner Production Centre led by the Association of Bhutanese
Industries to disseminate good practices and knowledge products on cleaner
production and climate resilient technology. The LEDs also recommends national
financial institutes to offer green loans and concessional financing for technology